Historical and scenic points of interest Monfestino is reached by panoramic road, 4 kms from Serramazzoni. The locality and its castle are one of the most important testimonies of the history - from a civil and administrative aspect - of the territory of Serramazzoni. There is no certain evidence as to the period of construction of the castle. Undoubtedly the oldest part of the fortress, which in far-off times consisted of a tall, square tower surrounded by strong walls, served as an outpost to defend the Castrum Feronianum which, for approximately two hundred years, prevented the penetration of the Lombards into the mountain territory subject to the Church and the Exarch of Ravenna. At the beginning of the last century, the castle was in a deplorable state: there were no roofs on the towers and the portals and old podesteria were falling down. Then the fortress was bought by the Modenese entrepreneur Fermo Corni, and in just a few years, following an extensive restoration programme, it was brought back to its former glory, as can be seen today. Nowadays, even though the fortess – splendidly kept by Corni’s descendants - is not open to the public, one can walk along the country path nearby and admire its round towers and strong walls; continuing further, one can enjoy a splendid view of the high peaks of the Apennines and the white glaciers of the Alps. In the darkness of the night, one can look down as if from a balcony on the plain below, illuminated by thousands of lights. Monfestino still has a few old houses; inside one of these, there is a prized portal made by the famous XVI century artist Mastro Antonio d'Ambrosino. Hanging on the wall inside the little church dating to 1304 there is a XVII century painting depicting St Giovita with, in the background, the hamlet and castle of Monfestino. The Bucamante Waterfalls The narrow Bucamante valley, lying between Monfestino and Monte Cornazzano, is one of the most precious natural areas of our Apennines. It is here that the Bucamante stream starts, going on to feed the Tiepido mountain stream. Bucamante is a particularly beautiful spot, ideal for walking and short ecological excursions suitable for all; it is reached by trails which start from Granarolo or Monfestino. The waterfalls are situated in the deepest part of the valley, dense with vegetation comprising hornbeams, maples, cornelian cherry trees, laburnums and oaklings. The microclimate permits the growth of orchids, peonies, wild peas, knotted geranium, ivy and old man’s beard - the tendrils of which render the woodland even more impenetrable - as well as a considerable variety of fish fauna. Lastly, legend has it that the Bucamante falls were the site of the tragic ending of a thwarted love story between a shepherd and the daughter of a dignitary of the Monfestino podestà.